MICRONESIA is the name of a region in the Pacific Ocean at 6’55”N, 158’15”E. The Philippines lie to the northwest, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Melanesia to the west and southwest, and Polynesia to the east. This region of Oceania consists of many hundreds of small islands spread over a large region of the western Pacific. The only empire known to have originated in Micronesia was based in Yap.
The term “Micronesia” was first proposed to distinguish the region in 1831 by Jules Dumont d’Urville; before this the term “Polynesia” was in use to generally describe the islands of the Pacific. Politically, Micronesia is divided into eight nation-states and territories: the Federated States of Micronesia (referred to as “Micronesia”, or“FSM”), which consists of four states: Kosrae, Yap, Pohnpei, and Chuuk; the Marshall Islands; Palau; the Northern Mariana Islands; Nauru; Kiribati; Guam and Wake Island.
The popular superyacht destination of choice is Chuuk (or Truk), a group of islands dotting a large atoll with a vast lagoon that represents an incredible underwater museum. Truk Lagoon is an idyllic setting, surrounded by waving palms and dazzling white sands. It’s a place where you can float in sparkling clear waters while beneath you lie more than 100 wrecks from WW2 ships, planes and submarines.
The islands were once a staging ground for forces during WW2 and these wrecks have rested on the bottom virtually undisturbed for more than 60 years. The warm tropical water, prolific marine life and ocean currents have transformed the wrecks into breathtakingly beautiful coral gardens and artificial reefs, home to hundreds of exotic marine animals and fish. Today, this surreal lagoon attracts the world’s divers, underwater photographers and marine scientists. The islands offer amazing flora and fauna, freshwater falls and centuries’ old historic sites from 16th to 20th century battlegrounds.