COSTA RICA is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the E-SE, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south, and the Caribbean Sea to the east. It is located on the Central American isthmus, 10° North of the equator and 84° West of the Prime Meridian It also comprises several islands – amongst them; Cocos Island 500km from Puntarenas coast, and biggest island, Calero Island.
The hilly interior and attractive capital San José can be visited from either Puntarenas or Limón. There are active volcanos, cloud forests, hot springs and an abundance of national parks. In the eastern part of the Gulf of Nicoya, at Herradura, there is a luxury development – part of the Los Suenos Resort – with a marina which has services for yachts. Ecotourism is extremely popular with extensive national parks and protected areas around the country.
Costa Rica protects a quarter of its national territory within the Protected Areas system and possesses the greatest density of species in the world. Amongst the many other activities available in Costa Rica are: hiking in the rainforest, horseback riding, mountain biking, white-water rafting in the wild rivers, snorkelling through tropical reefs, surfing world-class breaks, deep sea sport-fishing, golf, kayaking, bird-watching, sampling the diverse cuisine, the rich history and culture.
Costa Rica’s beaches are the proverbial ‘white sands and palm trees swaying in the breeze’ and there are many. The coastline has a length of over 1800 km with an enormous variety of beach landscapes, from rocky and stony, to sandy with white, grey, bluish black and pink coloured sands.